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Synthesis Indigenous fire stewardship for fire management and ecological restoration in the Pacific Northwest: A literature synthesis and annotated bibliography
Date Published
This systematic literature review focused on the following questions: 1. What is Indigenous fire stewardship and how has it been represented in peer reviewed literature? 2. What are the salient social issues, debates, and concerns about IFS and its application to restoration management? 3. What aspects of IFS has literature in fire ecology and ecological restoration included? 4. What does the…
Synthesis Communicating with the public about wildland fire preparation, response, and recovery
Year 2021

This literature review synthesizes empirical research about wildland fire communication to provide practitioners, such as land managers, public health and safety officials, community groups, and others working with the public, evidence-based recommendations for communication work. Key findings demonstrate that it is important to recognize communication as a context-specific and dynamic process…

Synthesis Perceptions of Wildland Fire Smoke
Year 2021

With exposure to wildland fire smoke projectedto further increase (Barbero et al. 2015) there is aclear need for efforts to better mitigate or adapt tosmoke impacts in high-risk areas. Such efforts relyon an understanding of how people perceive, planfor, and respond to smoke. This synthesis compilespublished scholarly literature on how individualsperceive wildland fire smoke to offer an…

Synthesis Social Vulnerability and Wildfire in the Wildland-Urban Interface
Year 2019

People living in the Pacific Northwest confrontrisks associated with environmental hazards such as wildfire. Vulnerability to wildfire hazard is commonly recognized as being spatially distributed according to geographic conditions that collectively determine the probability of exposure. For example, exposure to wildfire hazard is higher for people living in rural, forested settings than in a…

Synthesis Administrative and Judicial Review of NEPA Decisions: Risk Factors and Risk Minimizing Strategies for the Forest Service
Year 2016

Changes in land use and management practices throughout the past century–in addition to drought and other stressors exacerbated by climate change–have degraded the nation’s forests and led to overgrowth and accumulation of hazardous fuels (GAO 2015). Because of these fuels, some forests now see high-severity fires that threaten communities as well as important natural and cultural resources.…

Synthesis Drivers of Wildfire Suppression Costs: Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography
Year 2015

Over the past century, wildland fire management has been core to the mission of federal land management agencies. In recent decades, however, federal spending on wildfire suppression has increased dramatically; suppression spending that on average accounted for less than 20 percent of the USFS’s discretionary funds prior to 2000 had grown to 43 percent of discretionary funds by 2008 (USDA 2009…