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public health

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Mortality Burden From Wildfire Smoke Under Climate Change

Year of Publication
2024
Publication Type

Wildfire activity has increased in the US and is projected to accelerate under future climate change. However, our understanding of the impacts of climate change on wildfire smoke and health remains highly uncertain. We quantify the past and future mortality burden in the US due to wildfire smoke fine particulate matter (PM2.5).

Quantifying the smoke-related public health trade-offs of forest management

Year of Publication
2023
Publication Type
Prescribed burning can mitigate extreme wildfire risk and reduce total smoke emissions. Yet prescribed burns’ emissions may also contribute to smoke exposures in nearby communities. Incorporating public health considerations into forest management planning efforts may help reduce prescribed burn-related exposure impacts.

Social Vulnerability in USCommunities Affected by WildfireSmoke, 2011 to 2021

Year of Publication
2023
Publication Type
Objectives. To describe demographic and social characteristics of US communities exposed to wildfire smoke. Methods. Using satellite-collected data on wildfire smoke with the locations of population centers in the coterminous United States, we identified communities potentially exposed to light-, medium-, and heavy-density smoke plumes for each day from 2011 to 2021.

Social vulnerability of the people exposed to wildfires in U.S. West Coast states

Year of Publication
2023
Publication Type
Understanding of the vulnerability of populations exposed to wildfires is limited. We used an index from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to assess the social vulnerability of populations exposed to wildfire from 2000–2021 in California, Oregon, and Washington, which accounted for 90% of exposures in the western United States.

Evaluating the potential role of federal air quality standards in constraining applications of prescribed fire in the western United States

Year of Publication
2023
Publication Type

Prescribed fire is a useful tool for building resilient landscapes in fire-prone areas across the globe. In the western U.S., prescribed fire is employed by federal, state, and Tribal land managers and planned during particular meteorological and air quality conditions to manage air quality impacts.