Climate and wildfire adaptation of inland Northwest US forests

TitleClimate and wildfire adaptation of inland Northwest US forests
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsHessburg, PF, Charnley, S, Gray, AN, Spies, TA, Peterson, DW, Flitcroft, RL, Wendel, KL, Halofsky, JE, White, EM, Marshall, J
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Date Published09/2021
Keywordsclimate change, fire policy, fire-intolerant trees, forest management, historic fire, old growth, public engagement, technical reports and journal articles

After a century of intensive logging, federal forest management policies were developed in the 1990s to protect remaining large trees and old forests in the western US. Today, due to rapidly changing ecological conditions, new threats and uncertainties, and scientific advancements, some policy provisions are being re-evaluated in interior Oregon and Washington. The case for re- evaluation is clearest where small- to large-sized, immature, fast-growing, fire-intolerant trees have filled in forests after both a long period of fire exclusion and the harvest of large, old trees. This infilling has created abundant fuel ladders that increase patch and landscape vulnerability to severe wildfires, which now threaten many forests. As climate change continues to alter fire regimes, we recommend that landscape-level planning is needed to determine where fire-tolerant and intolerant forest successional condi- tions are best retained on the landscape. Critical to our proposal are effective public engagement, collaboration, and tribal consultation.